This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2020)
|1960 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2713|
|Balinese saka calendar||1881–1882|
|British Regnal year||8 Eliz. 2 – 9 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||己亥年 (Earth Pig)|
4656 or 4596
— to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
4657 or 4597
|- Vikram Samvat||2016–2017|
|- Shaka Samvat||1881–1882|
|- Kali Yuga||5060–5061|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 35|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 49|
|Thai solar calendar||2503|
2086 or 1705 or 933
— to —
2087 or 1706 or 934
1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1960th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 960th year of the 2nd millennium, the 60th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1960s decade.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
- January 9–11 – Aswan Dam construction begins in Egypt.
- January 10 – British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan makes the "Wind of Change" speech for the first time, to little publicity, in Accra, Gold Coast (modern-day Ghana).
- January 19 – A revised version of the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty, which allows U.S. troops to be based on Japanese soil, is signed in Washington, D.C. by Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi and President Dwight D. Eisenhower. The new treaty is opposed by the massive Anpo protests in Japan.
- January 21
- January 22
- Charles de Gaulle, President of France, dismisses Jacques Massu as commander-in-chief of French troops in Algeria.
- Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh descend into the Mariana Trench in the bathyscaphe Trieste, reaching the depth of 10,911 meters (35,797 feet), and become the first human beings to reach the lowest spot on Earth.
- January 24 – A major insurrection occurs in Algiers against French colonial policy.
- February 1 – Greensboro sit-ins: In Greensboro, North Carolina, four black students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University begin a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth's lunch counter. Although they are refused service, they are allowed to stay at the counter. The event triggers many similar non-violent protests throughout the Southern United States, and six months later, the original four protesters are served lunch at the same counter.
- February 3 – Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Harold Macmillan makes the Wind of Change speech to the South African Parliament in Cape Town (although he had first made the speech, to little publicity, in Accra, Gold Coast — modern-day Ghana — on January 10).
- February 5 – The first CERN particle accelerator becomes operational in Geneva, Switzerland.
- February 10 – A conference about the proposed independence of the Belgian Congo begins in Brussels, Belgium.
- February 11 – Twelve Indian soldiers die in clashes with Red Chinese troops along their small common border.
- February 13 – Gerboise Bleue: France tests its first atomic bomb, in the Sahara Desert of Algeria.
- February 18 – The 1960 Winter Olympics begin at the Squaw Valley Ski Resort in Placer County, California.
- February 26 – Alitalia Flight 618: An airliner en route to New York crashes into a cemetery at Shannon, Ireland, shortly after takeoff, killing 34 of the 52 persons on board.
- February 29 – The 5.7 Mw Agadir Earthquake shakes coastal Morocco with a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme), destroying Agadir and leaving 12,000 dead and another 12,000 injured.
- March 5 – Alberto Korda takes his iconic photograph of Che Guevara, Guerrillero Heroico, in Havana.
- March 6
- March 17
- March 21 – The Sharpeville massacre in South Africa results in more than 69 dead, 300 injured.
- March 22 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow and Charles Hard Townes receive the first patent for a laser, in the United States.
- March 23 – Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev meets French President Charles de Gaulle in Paris.
- March 29 – "Tom Pillibi" by Jacqueline Boyer (music by André Popp, text by Pierre Cour) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1960 for France.
- April 1
- Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan, 1st Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, dies in office. He is replaced by Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah, Sultan of Selangor.
- The United States launches the first weather satellite, TIROS-1.
- The 1960 United States Census begins. There are 179,323,175 U.S. residents on this day. All people from Latin America are listed as white, including blacks from the Dominican Republic, European whites from Argentina and Mexicans who resemble Native Americans.
- April 4 – At the 32nd Academy Awards Ceremony, Ben-Hur wins a record number of Oscars, including Best Picture.
- April 9 – Gunman David Pratt shoots South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd in Johannesburg, wounding him seriously.
- April 12 – Eric Peugeot, the youngest son of the founder of the Peugeot Corporation, is kidnapped in Paris. He is released on April 15, in exchange for $300,000 in ransom.
- April 19 – April Revolution: South Korean students hold a nationwide pro-democracy protest against President Syngman Rhee, eventually leading him to resign from office.
- April 21 – In Brazil, the country's capital (Federal District) is relocated from the city of Rio de Janeiro to the new city, Brasília, in the highlands. The actual city of Rio de Janeiro becomes the State of Guanabara.
- April 27 – Togo gains independence from France, with the French-administered United Nations Trust Territory being terminated.
- May 1
- The U-2 incident: Several Soviet surface-to-air missiles shoot down an American Lockheed U-2 spy plane. Its pilot, Francis Gary Powers of the Central Intelligence Agency, is captured.
- In India, this day is declared as 'Maharashtra Divas', i.e., Maharashtra Day (also celebrated as 'Kaamgaar Divas', i.e., Workers Day).
- May 3 – The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) is established.
- May 4 – West German refugee minister Theodor Oberländer is dismissed because of his Nazi past.
- May 6 – United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Civil Rights Act of 1960 into law..
- May 10 – The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine USS Triton, under the command of Captain Edward L. Beach Jr., completes the first underwater circumnavigation of the Earth (codenamed Operation Sandblast).
- May 11 – In Buenos Aires, four Mossad agents abduct fugitive Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in order that he can be taken to Israel and put on trial (Eichmann is later convicted and executed).
- May 13 – A joint Swiss and Austrian expedition makes the first ascent of the Asian mountain Dhaulagiri, the world's 7th highest mountain.
- May 14 – The Kenyan African National Congress Party is founded in Kenya, when 3 political parties join forces.
- May 15 – The satellite Sputnik 4 is launched into orbit by the Soviet Union.
- May 16
- May 18 – Real Madrid beats Eintracht Frankfurt 7–3 at Hampden Park, Glasgow, and wins the 1959–60 European Cup in Association football.
- May 22 – The 9.4–9.6 Mw Valdivia earthquake affects Chile with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XII (Extreme). This megathrust earthquake ruptures from Arauco to Chiloé Archipelago, causing the most powerful earthquake on record and a destructive basin-wide tsunami.
- May 23 – Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion announces that Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann has been captured.
- May 27 – In Turkey, a bloodless military coup d'état removes President Celâl Bayar, and installs General Cemal Gürsel as the head of state.
- May 30 – Cemal Gürsel forms the new government of Turkey (its 24th government, composed mostly of so-called "technocrats").
- June 1 – New Zealand's first television station begins broadcasting, in the city of Auckland.
- June 5 – The Lake Bodom murders occur in Finland.
- June 9 – 1960 Pacific typhoon season: Typhoon Mary kills 1,600 people in China.
- June 10 – The "Hagerty Incident" – As part of the ongoing Anpo protests in Japan against the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty, a car carrying Dwight D. Eisenhower's press secretary James Hagerty and U.S. Ambassador to Japan Douglas MacArthur II is mobbed by protesters outside of Tokyo's Haneda Airport, requiring the occupants to be rescued by a U.S. Marine helicopter.
- June 15
- The "June 15 Incident" – As part of the massive Anpo protests against the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty in Japan, radical student activists from the Zengakuren student federation attempt to storm the National Diet compound, precipitating a battle with police in which female Tokyo University student Michiko Kanba is killed.
- The BC Ferries company, later to become the second-largest ferry operator in the world, commences service between Tsawwassen and Swartz Bay, British Columbia, Canada.
- June 19 – The new U.S.-Japan Security Treaty is automatically ratified 30 days after passing the Lower House of the Diet.
- June 20 – The short-lived Mali Federation, consisting of the Sudanese Republic (modern-day Republic of Mali) and Senegal, gains independence from France.
- June 23 – Japanese prime minister Nobusuke Kishi announces his resignation.
- June 24
- June 26
- The State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland protectorate) receives its independence from the United Kingdom. Five days later, it unites as scheduled with the Trust Territory of Somalia (the former Italian Somaliland), to form the Somali Republic.
- The Malagasy Republic (Madagascar) becomes independent from France.
- June 28 – King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand arrives in Washington, D.C. for a 4-day royal visit to the U.S.
- June 30
- July 1
- Ghana becomes a republic, and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President.
- Cold War: A Soviet Air Force MiG-19 fighter plane flying north of Murmansk, Russia, over the Barents Sea, shoots down a six-man RB-47 Stratojet reconnaissance plane of the U.S. Air Force. Four of the U.S. Air Force officers are killed, and the two survivors are held prisoner in the Soviet Union.
- The Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) gains its independence from Italy. Concurrently, it unites as scheduled with the five-day-old State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland) to form the Somali Republic.
- July 4 – Following the admission of the State of Hawaii as the 50th state in August 1959, the new (and current) 50-star Flag of the United States is first officially flown over Philadelphia.
- July 10 – The Soviet Union national football team defeats the Yugoslavian national football team 2–1 in Paris, to win the first UEFA European Championship.
- July 11 – Congo Crisis: Moise Tshombe declares the Congolese province of Katanga independent. He requests and receives help from Belgium.
- July 12 – Chin Peng is exiled from Malaysia to Thailand, and the Malayan state of emergency is lifted.
- July 14 – The United Nations Security Council decides to send troops to Katanga, to oversee the withdrawal of Belgian troops.
- July 20 – Ceylon elects Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike as its Prime Minister, the world's first elected female head of government (she takes office the following day).
- July 25 – The Woolworth Company's lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, the location of a sit-in that has sparked demonstrations by Negroes across the Southern United States, serves a meal to its first black customer.
- July 25–28 – In Chicago, the 1960 Republican National Convention nominates Vice President Richard Nixon as its candidate for President of the United States, and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., as its candidate to become the new vice-president.
- August 1 – Dahomey (modern-day Benin) becomes independent from France.
- August 3 – Niger becomes independent from France.
- August 5 – Upper Volta (modern-day Burkina Faso) becomes independent from France.
- August 6 – In the Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville) (later the Democratic Republic of the Congo), Albert Kalonji declares the independence of the Autonomous State of South Kasai.
- August 7
- August 9 – The government of Laos is overthrown in a coup.
- August 11 – Chad becomes independent from France.
- August 13 – Ubangi-Shari becomes independent from France, as the Central African Republic. It later becomes the Central African Empire.
- August 15 – Middle Congo becomes independent from France, as the Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville).
- August 16
- The Mediterranean island of Cyprus receives its independence from the United Kingdom.
- Joseph Kittinger parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at an altitude of about 102,800 feet (31,333 meters). Kittinger sets world records for: high-altitude jump; free-fall by falling 16.0 miles (25.7 kilometers) before opening his parachute; first space dive, and fastest speed attained by a human being without mechanical or chemical assistance, about 982 k.p.h (614 m.p.h.). Kittinger survives more or less uninjured. He is also the first man to make a solo crossing of the Atlantic Ocean in a gas balloon, and the first man fully to witness the spherical curvature of the Earth. (Felix Baumgartner breaks his space diving record in 2012.)
- August 17
- August 19
- Cold War: In Moscow, American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to 10 years in prison for espionage.
- Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches the satellite Sputnik 5, with the dogs Belka and Strelka (the Russian for "Squirrel" and "Little Arrow"), 40 mice, two rats and a variety of plants. This satellite returns to earth the next day and all animals are recovered safely.
- August 20 – Senegal breaks away from the Mali Federation, declaring its independence.
- August 25 – The 1960 Summer Olympic Games begin in Rome.
- August 29 – Hurricane Donna kills 50 people in Florida and New England.
- September 1
- Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah, Sultan of Selangor and 2nd Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, dies in office. He is replaced by Tuanku Syed Putra, Raja of Perlis.
- Disgruntled railroad workers effectively halt operations of the Pennsylvania Railroad in the United States, marking the first shutdown in the company's history (the event lasts two days).
- September 2 – The first elections of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration (in exile in India) are held. The Tibetan community observes this date as Democracy Day.
- September 5
- 1960 Summer Olympic Games: Muhammad Ali (at this time Cassius Clay) of the United States wins the gold medal in light-heavyweight boxing.
- Congolese President Joseph Kasa-Vubu dismisses Patrice Lumumba's entire government, and also places Lumumba under house arrest.
- Poet Léopold Sédar Senghor is the first elected President of Senegal.
- September 6 – William Hamilton Martin and Bernon F. Mitchell, two American cryptologists, announce their defection to the Soviet Union at a press conference in Moscow.
- September 8 – In Huntsville, Alabama, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicates the Marshall Space Flight Center (which had been activated by NASA on July 1).
- September 9 – The first regular season game in the American Football League (established as a rival league to the NFL) takes place at Boston's Nickerson Field. The Denver Broncos defeated the Boston Patriots, 13–10.
- September 10 – 1960 Summer Olympic Games: Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia wins the gold medal in the marathon, running barefoot in a world time, and becoming the first person from Sub-Saharan Africa to win Olympic gold.
- September 14
- September 21 — Mexican President Adolfo López Mateos nationalizes the country's electrical system.
- September 22 – Mali, the sole remaining member of the "Mali Federation" (following the withdrawal of Senegal one month earlier), declares its full independence as the Republic of Mali.
- October 1
- October 3 – Jânio Quadros is elected President of Brazil, for a five-year term.
- October 7 – Nigeria becomes the 99th member of the United Nations.
- October 12 – Cold War: Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a table at a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly, his way of protesting the discussion of the Soviet Union's policies toward Eastern Europe.
- October 14
- October 24 – Nedelin catastrophe: A large rocket explodes on the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, killing at least 92 people of the Soviet space program.
- November 8 – 1960 United States presidential election: In a close race, Democratic U. S. Senator John F. Kennedy is elected over Republican U. S. Vice President Richard Nixon, to become (at 43) the second youngest man to serve as President of the United States, and the youngest man elected to this position.
- November 14
- November 22 – The United Nations supports the government of Joseph Kasavubu and Joseph Mobutu, in the Republic of the Congo.
- November 28 – Mauritania becomes independent of France.
- December – The African and Malagasy Organisation for Economic Cooperation (OAMCE – Organisation Africain et Malagache de Coopération Économique) is established.
- December 1
- Patrice Lumumba, deposed premier of the Republic of the Congo, is arrested by the troops of Colonel Joseph Mobutu.
- A Soviet satellite containing live animals (dogs Pcholka and Mushka) and plants is launched into orbit. Due to a malfunction, it burns up during re-entry.
- Striking coal miners at the Miike Coal Mine in Japan return to work, ending the unprecedented 312-day-long Miike Struggle.
- December 2 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the use of $1.0 million for the relief and resettlement of Cuban refugees, who had been arriving in Florida at the rate of about 1,000 per week.
- December 4 – The admission of Mauritania to the United Nations is vetoed by the Soviet Union.
- December 7 – The United Nations Security Council is called into session by the Soviet Union, in order to consider Soviet demands for the Security Council to seek the immediate release of former Congolese Premier Patrice Lumumba.
- December 8 – For the first time, Mary Martin's Peter Pan is presented as a stand-alone 2-hour special on NBC television in the United States, instead of as part of an anthology series. This version, rather than being presented live, is shown on videotape, enabling NBC to repeat it as often as they wish without having to restage it. Although nearly all of the adult actors repeat their original Broadway roles, all of the original children have, ironically, outgrown their roles and are replaced by new actors.
- December 9 – French President Charles de Gaulle's visit to Algeria is bloodied by European and Muslim rioters, in Algeria's largest cities. These riots cause 127 deaths.
- December 13
- 1960 Ethiopian coup attempt: While Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Kebur Zabagna (Imperial Bodyguard) leads a military coup against his rule, proclaiming that the emperor's son, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen Taffari, is the new emperor.
- The countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua announce the formation of the Central American Common Market.
- The U.S. Navy's Commander Leroy Heath (pilot) and Lieutenant Larry Monroe (bombardier/navigator) establish a world flight-altitude record of 91,450 feet (27,874 m), with payload, in an A-5 Vigilante bomber carrying 2,200 lb (1,000 kg), and better the previous world record by over four miles (6 km).
- December 14
- December 15
- December 16
- Secretary of State Christian Herter announces that the United States will commit five nuclear submarines and eighty Polaris missiles to the defense of the NATO countries by the end of 1963.
- New York mid-air collision: A United Airlines DC-8 collides in mid-air with a TWA Lockheed Constellation over Staten Island in New York City. All 128 passengers and crewmembers on the two airliners, and six people on the ground, are killed.
- December 17 – Troops loyal to Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia overcome the coup that began on December 13, returning the reins to the Emperor upon his return from a trip to Brazil. The Emperor absolves his own son of any guilt.
- December 19 – Fire sweeps through the USS Constellation, to become the U.S. Navy's largest aircraft carrier, while she is under construction at the Brooklyn Navy Yard; killing 50 workers and injuring 150.
- December 23 – Hilkka Saarinen née Pylkkänen was murdered in the so-called the "oven homicide" case in Krootila, Kokemäki, Finland.
- World population: 3,021,475,000
- Africa: 277,398,000
- Asia: 1,701,336,000
- Europe: 604,401,000
- Latin America: 218,300,000
- North America: 204,152,000
- Oceania: 15,888,000
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 2 – Naoki Urasawa, Japanese manga author and artist
- January 4
- January 6
- January 7 – Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iranian politician, diplomat
- January 10
- January 12
- January 16
- January 18 – Mark Rylance, English actor, theatre director and playwright
- January 20
- January 21 – Mamoru Nagano, Japanese designer
- January 22 – Michael Hutchence, Australian rock musician (INXS) (d. 1997)
- January 23 – Patrick de Gayardon, French skydiver and skysurfing pioneer (d. 1998)
- January 27 – Samia Suluhu, President of Tanzania
- January 29
- January 31 – Grant Morrison, Scottish comic book writer and playwright
- February 2 – Jari Porttila, Finnish sports journalist
- February 3 – Joachim Löw, German football manager
- February 4 – Jonathan Larson, American composer and playwright (d. 1996)
- February 7
- February 8
- February 9 – Frederik Ndoci, Albanian singer, songwriter, poet, writer, actor and international Recording artist
- February 13 – Pierluigi Collina, Italian football (soccer) referee
- February 14
- February 18
- February 19 – Prince Andrew, Duke of York, British prince and second son of Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh
- February 20
- February 21
- February 23 – Naruhito, Emperor of Japan
- February 27 – Andrés Gómez, Ecuadorian tennis player
- February 28
- March 2 – Hector Calma, Filipino basketball player
- March 4
- March 7 – Ivan Lendl, Czech tennis player
- March 8
- March 10 – Anne MacKenzie, Scottish broadcaster
- March 11 – Sharon Jordan, American actress
- March 12 – Minoru Niihara, Japanese singer (Loudness)
- March 13
- March 15 — Rosa Beltrán, Mexican writer, lecturer, and academic.
- March 20 — Norbert Pohlmann, German computer scientist
- March 21 – Ayrton Senna, Brazilian triple Formula One world champion (d. 1994)
- March 23 – Nicol Stephen, Scottish politician
- March 24
- March 25 – Brenda Strong, American actress
- March 26 – Jennifer Grey, American actress
- March 27
- March 29 – Hiromi Tsuru, Japanese voice actress (d. 2017)
- April 1 – Michael Praed, British actor
- April 2 – Linford Christie, British athlete
- April 4 – Hugo Weaving, Nigerian-born Australian actor
- April 8 – John Schneider, American actor
- April 10
- April 11 – Jeremy Clarkson, English journalist, television show host and comedian
- April 12 – David Thirdkill, American basketball player
- April 13
- April 14 – Brad Garrett, American actor, comedian and voice actor
- April 15
- April 16
- April 18
- April 19
- April 20 – Miguel Díaz-Canel, Cuban politician, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba and 17th President of Cuba
- April 23
- Valerie Bertinelli, American actress and presenter (born April 23, 1960)
- Steve Clark, English guitarist (Def Leppard) (d. 1991)
- David Gedge, English musician (The Wedding Present and Cinerama)
- Léo Jaime, Brazilian writer, actor and musician (João Penca e Seus Miquinhos Amestrados )
- Claude Julien, Canadian ice hockey coach
- April 24 – Masami Kikuchi, Japanese voice actor
- April 25 – Michael Lohan, American television personality; father of Lindsay Lohan
- April 28
- Elena Kagan, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
- Ian Rankin, Scottish crime novelist
- April 29 – Steve Blum, American voice actor
- May 2
- May 4 – Werner Faymann, Chancellor of Austria
- May 8
- May 10 – Bono, Irish rock singer (U2)
- May 14 – Ronan Tynan, Irish tenor
- May 15 – Julian Jarrold, English film and television director and producer
- May 16
- May 17 – John Payne, English actor and voice actor
- May 18
- May 19 – Yazz, British pop singer
- May 20
- May 21
- May 21 – Mohanlal, Indian actor
- May 22
- May 23 – Linden Ashby, American actor
- May 24
- May 25 – Amy Klobuchar, American politician
- May 26 – Rob Murphy, American baseball player
- May 27
- May 29
- May 30
- May 31 –Chris Elliott, American actor and comedian
- June 2
- June 3 – Catherine Davani, first female Papua New Guinean judge (d. 2016)
- June 5 – Seiichi Endo, Japanese criminal (d. 2018)
- June 6 – Steve Vai, American guitarist
- June 8
- June 11 – Mehmet Oz, Turkish-American cardiothoracic surgeon and television personality
- June 12 – Corynne Charby, French model, actress and singer
- June 15 – Michèle Laroque, French actress
- June 17
- June 20 – Anatoly Donika, Russian former professional ice hockey player
- June 21 – Karl Erjavec, Slovenian lawyer and politician
- June 22 – Erin Brockovich, American environmental activist
- June 23 – Per Morberg, Swedish actor, chef and news presenter
- June 26 – Mauro Carlesse, Brazilian politician, Governor of Tocantins
- June 27 – Michael Mayer, American theatre director, film director, television director and playwright
- June 28 – John Elway, American football player
- June 29 – Ivans Ribakovs, Latvian politician
- June 30
- July 1
- July 3
- July 4 – Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian Formula One driver (d. 1994)
- July 5
- July 6
- July 7 – Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut
- July 8
- July 9
- July 10 – Jeff Bergman, American voice actor, comedian and impressionist
- July 12 – Sully Díaz, Puerto Rican actress and singer
- July 13
- July 14
- July 15
- July 16
- July 17
- July 19 – Atom Egoyan, Armenian-Canadian film maker
- July 20 – Jonathon Morris, English actor and television presenter
- July 21
- July 27 – Uddhav Thackeray, Indian Politician
- July 28
- July 30 – Richard Linklater, American director
- July 31 – Dale Hunter, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
- August 1
- August 4
- August 7
- August 10
- August 12 – Laurent Fignon, French road bicycle racer (d. 2010)
- August 13
- August 14 – Sarah Brightman, English soprano singer and actress
- August 15 – Judy Holt, British television actress
- August 16
- August 17 – Sean Penn, American actor and film director
- August 18 – Stuart Matthewman, English songwriter
- August 19 – Morten Andersen, American football player
- August 20 – Elizabeth Alda, American actress
- August 22 – Regina Taylor, American actress
- August 23 – Chris Potter, Canadian actor and musician
- August 24 – Cal Ripken Jr., American baseball player
- August 26
- August 28 – Jodi Carlisle, American actress
- August 29 – Viire Valdma, Estonian actress
- September 1 – Joseph Williams, American singer and film score composer
- September 2 – John S. Hall, American poet and spoken-word artist
- September 4
- September 5 – Karita Mattila, Finnish soprano
- September 7
- September 9
- September 10
- September 11 – Annie Gosfield, American composer
- September 12
- September 13 – Kevin Carter, South African photojournalist (d. 1994)
- September 14
- September 15 – Jimmy Bridges, American actor
- September 16
- September 17
- September 19 – Yolanda Saldívar, American murderer of tejano singer Selena
- September 21 – David James Elliott, Canadian-American actor
- September 22 – Scott Baio, American actor
- September 25 – Eduardo Yáñez, Mexican film and television actor
- October 4 – Ana Patricia Botín, Spanish banker
- October 5
- October 6 – Toru Takahashi, Japanese race car driver (d. 1983)
- October 8 – Rano Karno, Indonesian actor and politician
- October 9 – Marin Mazzie, American actress and singer (d. 2018)
- October 13 – Joey Belladonna, American heavy metal singer (Anthrax)
- October 17 – Bernie Nolan, Irish actress and singer (The Nolans) (d. 2013)
- October 18
- October 24
- October 26 – Jouke de Vries, Dutch–Frisian politician
- October 29 – Dieter Nuhr, German comedian
- October 30 – Diego Maradona, Argentine footballer (d. 2020)
- October 31
- November 1 – Tim Cook, American businessman and current CEO of Apple, Inc
- November 3 – Karch Kiraly, American volleyball player
- November 4 – Siniša Glavašević, Croatian reporter (d. 1991)
- November 5 – Tilda Swinton, British actress
- November 8
- November 9
- November 10 – Neil Gaiman, English author
- November 11 – Stanley Tucci, American actor and film director
- November 12 – Maurane, Belgian singer and actress (d. 2018)
- November 15 – Susanne Lothar, German actress (d. 2012)
- November 17
- November 18 – Elizabeth Perkins, American actress
- November 19
- November 20 – Marc Labrèche, Canadian actor and television host
- November 24 – Amanda Wyss, American actress
- November 25
- November 26
- November 27
- November 29 – Cathy Moriarty, American actress
- November 30
- December 1 – Carol Alt, American model and actress
- December 3
- December 4 – Glynis Nunn, Australian athlete
- December 5
- December 8 – Lim Guan Eng, Malaysian politician and former Chief Minister of Penang, Malaysia
- December 9 – Steve Doll, American professional wrestler (d. 2009)
- December 10 – Sir Kenneth Branagh, Northern Irish actor and director
- December 12 – Volker Beck, German politician
- December 17 – Tarako, Japanese voice actress
- December 18 – Kazuhide Uekusa, Japanese economist
- December 20 – Kim Ki-duk, South Korean director and screenwriter (d. 2020)
- December 22 – Jean-Michel Basquiat, American musician and graffiti painter (d. 1988)
- December 26 – Temuera Morrison, New Zealand actor
- December 27 – Maryam d'Abo, British actress
- December 28
- December 29 – Dave Pelzer, American author
- January 1
- January 3 – Victor Sjöström, Swedish actor (b. 1879)
- January 4
- January 5 – Donald Knight, English cricketer (b. 1894)
- January 7 – Dorothea Chambers, English tennis champion (b. 1878)
- January 8 – Ion Codreanu, Romanian general (b. 1891)
- January 9 – Elsie J. Oxenham, English children's novelist (b. 1880)
- January 10 – Arthur S. Carpender, American admiral (b. 1884)
- January 11 – Isabel Emslie Hutton, Scottish nurse in Serbia during World War I and psychiatrist (b. 1887)
- January 12 – Nevil Shute, English-born novelist (b. 1899)
- January 19 – Dadasaheb Torne, Indian filmmaker (b. 1890)
- January 24
- January 25
- January 27 – Osvaldo Aranha, Brazilian politician (b. 1894)
- January 28 – Zora Neale Hurston, American folklorist, anthropologist and author (b. 1891)
- January 30 – J. C. Kumarappa, Indian economist (b. 1892)
- February 2 – Swami Bharati Krishna Tirtha, Hindu teacher (b. 1884)
- February 3 – Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (b. 1921)
- February 6 – Jesse Belvin, American urban singer (b. 1932)
- February 7 – Igor Kurchatov, Soviet physicist (b. 1903)
- February 8
- February 9
- February 10 – Aloysius Stepinac, Yugoslav Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1898)
- February 12 – Jean-Michel Atlan, French painter (b. 1913)
- February 14 – Masatomi Kimura, Japanese admiral (b. 1891)
- February 20
- February 29
- March 2 – Stanisław Taczak, Polish general (b. 1874)
- March 4 – Leonard Warren, American opera singer (b. 1911)
- March 9 – Jack Beattie, Irish politician (b. 1886)
- March 11
- March 13
- March 14 – Oliver Kirk, American Olympic boxer (b. 1884)
- March 22 – José Antonio Aguirre, Spanish politician (b. 1904)
- March 23 – Franklin P. Adams, American journalist (b. 1881)
- March 26 – Ian Keith, American actor (b. 1899)
- March 27
- April 1 – Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan, King of Malaysia (b. 1895)
- April 3 – Norodom Suramarit, King of Cambodia (b. 1896)
- April 5
- April 10 – Arthur Benjamin, Australian composer (b. 1893)
- April 17 – Eddie Cochran, American rock singer (b. 1938)
- April 19 – Beardsley Ruml, American economist and tax plan author (b. 1894)
- April 24
- April 25
- April 26 – Gustaf Lindblom, Swedish Olympic athlete (b. 1891)
- April 28 – Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean army officer and political figure, 20th President of Chile (b. 1877)
- May 2 – Caryl Chessman, American criminal (b. 1921)
- May 3 – Masa Niemi, Finnish actor (b. 1914)
- May 8
- May 11 – John D. Rockefeller Jr., American philanthropist (b. 1874)
- May 12 – Prince Aly Khan, Pakistani United Nations ambassador (b. 1911)
- May 14 – Lucrezia Bori, Spanish opera singer (b. 1887)
- May 22 – İbrahim Çallı, Turkish painter (b. 1882)
- May 23
- May 24 – Avraham Arnon, Israeli educator and a recipient of the Israel Prize (b. 1887)
- May 25 – Rafael Gómez Ortega, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1882)
- May 27
- May 30 – Boris Pasternak, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (b. 1890)
- May 31 – Walther Funk, German Nazi politician (b. 1890)
- June 4
- June 13 – Ken McArthur, South African athlete (b. 1881)
- June 14 – Ana Pauker, Romanian communist politician (b. 1893)
- June 17 – Arthur Rosson, English film director (b. 1886)
- June 18 – Shalva Aleksi-Meskhishvili, Georgian politician (b. 1884)
- June 19 – Chris Bristow, English race car driver (b. 1937)
- June 20 – William E. Fairbairn, English soldier, police officer and hand-to-hand combat expert (b. 1885)
- June 25
- June 27 – Lottie Dod, English tennis player; Wimbledon women's champion, 1887–88, 1891–93 (b. 1871)
- June 28
- July 2 – Margherita Bagni, Italian actress (b. 1902)
- July 6
- July 7 – Francis Browne, Irish Jesuit priest, famous for his last photos of the RMS Titanic (b. 1880)
- July 12
- July 14 – Maurice de Broglie, French physicist (b. 1875)
- July 15
- July 16
- July 17
- July 22 – Yan Xishan, Chinese warlord and politician (b. 1883)
- July 24 – Hans Albers, German actor and singer (b. 1891)
- July 26 – Cedric Gibbons, Irish-American art director (b. 1893)
- July 27 – Georgi Kyoseivanov, 27th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1884)
- July 28 – Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan novelist (b. 1900)
- July 29 – Hasan Saka, 7th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1885)
- August 2 – Francesca French, British Protestant missionary (b. 1871)
- August 5 – Arthur Meighen, 9th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
- August 7
- August 9 – Richard Cramer, American actor (b. 1889)
- August 10
- August 14 – Fred Clarke, American baseball player (Pittsburgh Pirates) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1872)
- August 17 – Charles W. Ryder, American general (b. 1892)
- August 18 – Carlo Emilio Bonferroni, Italian mathematician (b. 1892)
- August 22
- August 23
- August 27 – Stanley Clifford Weyman, American impostor (b. 1890)
- August 28 – Sir Charles Forbes, British admiral (b. 1880)
- August 29
- September 1 – Hisamuddin of Selangor, King of Malaysia (b. 1898)
- September 4 – Alfred E. Green, American film director (b. 1889)
- September 8
- September 9 – Jussi Björling, Swedish tenor (b. 1911)
- September 11 – Edwin Justus Mayer, American screenwriter (b. 1896)
- September 13 – Leó Weiner, Hungarian composer (b. 1885)
- September 20
- September 22 – Melanie Klein, Austrian-British psychoanalyst (b. 1882)
- September 23 – Kathlyn Williams, American stage and silent film actress (b. 1879)
- September 24 – Mátyás Seiber, Hungarian composer (b. 1905)
- September 25 – Emily Post, American etiquette expert (b. 1873)
- September 27 – Sylvia Pankhurst, English suffragette (b. 1882)
- October 5 – Alfred L. Kroeber, American anthropologist (b. 1876)
- October 11 – Richard Cromwell, American film actor (b. 1910)
- October 12 – Inejiro Asanuma, Japanese socialist politician (assassinated) (b. 1898)
- October 14 – Abram Ioffe, Soviet physicist (b. 1903)
- October 15
- October 19 – Hjalmar Dahl, Finnish journalist, translator and writer (b. 1891)
- October 21
- October 24
- October 31 – H. L. Davis, American fiction writer and poet (b. 1894)
- November 2
- November 3
- November 5
- November 6
- November 7 – A. P. Carter, American singer and songwriter (b. 1891)
- November 12 – Lord Buckley, American monologist (b. 1906)
- November 16
- November 19 – Phyllis Haver, American actress (b. 1899)
- November 23 – Allen Hobbs, 32nd Governor of American Samoa (b. 1889)
- November 24 – Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia, sister of Tsar Nicholas II (b. 1882)
- November 25 – Patria (b. 1924), Minerva (b. 1926), and Maria Teresa Mirabal (b. 1935), three Dominican revolutionaries (and their driver, Rufino de la Cruz)
- November 26 – Helen Hellwig, American tennis player (b. 1874)
- November 28
- November 29 – Sir Andrew Russell, New Zealand Army general (b. 1868)
- December 5 – Hashim al-Atassi, Syrian statesman, 2nd Prime Minister of Syria and 4th President of Syria (b. 1875)
- December 7
- December 12 – Christopher Hornsrud, 11th Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1859)
- December 13
- December 14 – Gregory Ratoff, Russian actor and director
- December 22 – Sir Ninian Comper, British architect (b. 1864)
- December 25 – Alberto Maria de Agostini, Italian missionary (b. 1883)
- December 26
- Physics – Donald Arthur Glaser
- Chemistry – Willard Libby
- Physiology or Medicine – Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Peter Medawar
- Literature – Saint-John Perse
- Peace – Albert Lutuli
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