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September 2022 Armenia–Azerbaijan clashes

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September 2022 Armenia-Azerbaijan clashes
Part of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and the 2021–2022 Armenia–Azerbaijan border crisis
2022 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes.png
Locations of the skirmishes marked with red squares.
Date12 September 2022 – present
(2 days)
Location
Status Ongoing
Territorial
changes
Azerbaijan claims capturing strategic heights along the border[1]
Belligerents
 Azerbaijan  Armenia
Commanders and leaders
Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev
(President, Commander-in-Chief)
Azerbaijan Zakir Hasanov
(Minister of Defence)
Armenia Nikol Pashinyan (Prime Minister, Commander-in-Chief)
Armenia Suren Papikyan (Minister of Defence)
Units involved
Azerbaijani Armed Forces Armed Forces of Armenia
Casualties and losses
Per Azerbaijan:
50 soldiers killed[2]

Per Armenia:
49 soldiers killed[3]


Azerbaijani claim:

  • 150–200 soldiers killed[4]
  • 2 S-300 launchers destroyed[1]

Fighting erupted between Armenian and Azerbaijani troops on 12 September 2022, along the Armenia–Azerbaijan border.[5][6] Both sides blamed each other for the escalation.[7][8][9] The Armenian Defense Ministry said Azerbaijan had attacked Armenian positions near the cities of Vardenis, Goris, Sotk, and Jermuk with artillery and heavy weapons.[8][9] The Azerbaijani Defence Ministry said that Armenia had staged "large-scale provocations" near the Dashkasan, Kalbajar and Lachin regions and that it had captured multiple strategic heights on the border region inside Armenia.[10][11][1][12][9]

Russia announced on 13 September that it had brokered a ceasefire, but both sides confirmed that it was broken minutes after it came into effect.[13][14][15] At least 49 Armenian servicemen were killed, according to a report by Armenian prime minister Nikol Pashinyan.[3][16] Azerbaijan acknowledged 50 fatalities among its forces.[2][17]

The fighting erupted shortly after the Russian military suffered serious setbacks by Ukraine during the Ukrainian Kharkiv counteroffensive, weakening its force projection in the region.[18] Efforts by the EU to secure more gas from Azerbaijan to compensate for the loss of imports from Russia also weakened its influence in the region.[19]

Background

On 12 May 2021, Azerbaijani soldiers crossed several kilometers into Armenia in the provinces of Syunik and Gegharkunik and occupied about 41 square kilometres (16 sq mi) of Armenian territory.[20][21][22][23] The European Parliament, United States and France – two of three co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group, called on Azerbaijan to withdraw its troops from internationally recognised Armenian territory.[24][25]

Further clashes took place in July 2021 and in November 2021, with casualties being reported from both sides. In a joint statement on 17 November 2021, EU rapporteurs called the military operation launched by Azerbaijan on 16 November 2021 the worst violation to date of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire agreement.[26]

Timeline

12–13 September

On the evening of 12 September, the Armenian Defence Ministry reported that units of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces had started firing intensively with artillery and heavy weapons in the direction of Armenian positions and civilian areas in Goris, Kapan, Sotk, Jermuk, Artanish and Ishkhanasar. The Armenian MoD also mentioned that the Azerbaijani side had also used UAVs, and was undertaking positional advancement operations in some directions.[27] The Azerbaijani Defence Ministry said that Armenia had staged "large-scale provocations" near the Dashkasan, Kalbajar and Lachin regions and had laid mines along the army's supply roads. The Azerbaijani MoD reported that they were taking measures to "suppress the firing points of the Armenian armed forces and to prevent the expansion of the scale of the confrontation".[28]

Russia announced on 13 September that it had brokered a ceasefire, but both sides confirmed that it was broken minutes after coming into effect.[29][30][31]

On 13 September at 14:00, the Armenian MoD announced that the situation in some parts of the Armenian-Azerbaijani border continues to be extremely tense as Azerbaijan continues to attempt positional advances, particularly in the direction of Nerkin Hand, Verin Shorzha, Artanish and Sotk. The Armenian MFA also stated that as a result of Azerbaijani shelling, many residential houses were damaged in the village of Kut, while women and children were evacuated.[32] According to Armenian prime minister Nikol Pashinyan, at least 49 Armenian servicemen were killed.[3] The Azerbaijani MoD announced the death of 50 of its servicemen, 42 of whom were members of the Azerbaijani Army while 8 were from the State Border Service.[33]

14 September

In the morning of 14 September, the Azerbaijani MoD reported that the Armenian Armed Forces had fired mortars and artillery at Azerbaijani army units stationed in the Kelbajar and Lachin directions during the night and that the army was taking "adequate retaliatory measures".[34] The Armenian MoD called this "another disinformation" which "serves as an information base for carrying out military aggression against the sovereign territory of the Republic of Armenia".[35] Armenian MoD also reported that Azerbaijan was shelling Jermuk and Verin Shorzha, using artillery, mortars and large-caliber small arms.[36]

At 11 a.m., the Azerbaijani Ministry of Defense and the Prosecutor General's Office issued a joint statement claiming that two Azerbaijani civilians had been injured as a result of the Armenian Armed Forces' shelling.[37]

Reactions

United States Secretary of State Antony Blinken expressed concern over the clashes and urged both nations to "end to any military hostilities immediately", following by a phone call with Ilham Aliyev to express concern "over military action along the Armenia–Azerbaijan border, including shelling in Armenia" and "urged President Aliyev to cease hostilities".[38]

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu accused Armenia of starting the fighting and voiced support for further negotiations.[39]

France raised the conflict as a topic of discussion at the UN Security Council.[40]

The Secretary General of the Organization of Turkic States expressed concern and condemned the "military provocation of the Armenian Armed Forces". It also called on Armenia to comply with the ongoing agreements reached between the two countries.[41]

The Chair of European Parliament Delegation for relations with the South Caucasus (DSCA) issued a statement on the "military aggression of Azerbaijan against the Republic of Armenia", strongly condemning the "large-scale military attack by Azerbaijan against multiple targets in the territory of the Republic of Armenia."[42] A Joint statement by leading MEPs condemned "the large-scale military confrontations" and urged "Azerbaijan to stop immediately its offensive, to move back its troops to their initial positions and to fully respect the territorial integrity of Armenia".[43]

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus condemned the "assault unleashed by Azerbaijan against positions within the territory of Armenia".[44]

The Ministry of External Affairs of India called upon "the aggressor side to immediately cease hostilities".[45]

See also

References

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  2. ^ a b "Ermenistan ateşkesi bozdu! Azerbaycan ordusundan 50 asker şehit oldu". Karar. 13 September 2022. Archived from the original on 13 September 2022. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  3. ^ a b c "Armenia Seeks Distracted Russia's Aid in Renewed Azerbaijan Clashes". The Moscow Times. 13 September 2022. Archived from the original on 13 September 2022. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
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  7. ^ "Fresh clashes erupt between Azerbaijan and Armenia". 13 September 2022. Archived from the original on 13 September 2022. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  8. ^ a b "Armenia, Azerbaijan report deadly border clashes". 13 September 2022. Archived from the original on 13 September 2022. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  9. ^ a b c "Clashes break out on Azerbaijani-Armenian border – report". Archived from the original on 13 September 2022. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  10. ^ Nechepurenko, Ivan; Engelbrecht, Cora (13 September 2022). "Clashes Erupt Between Armenia and Azerbaijan, Raising Fears of Another War". Archived from the original on 14 September 2022. Retrieved 14 September 2022 – via NYTimes.com.
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  27. ^ "ՀՀ ՊՆ․ Որոշ ուղղություններում հակառակորդը շարունակում է դիրքային առաջխաղացման փորձերը". PanArmenian. 13 September 2022. Archived from the original on 14 September 2022. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
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  35. ^ [Երևանը հերթական ապատեղեկատվություն է որակում ադրբեջանական դիրքերը հրետակոծելու Բաքվի պնդումները "Երևանը հերթական ապատեղեկատվություն է որակում ադրբեջանական դիրքերը հրետակոծելու Բաքվի պնդումները"]. Azatutyun. 14 September 2022. Retrieved 14 September 2022. {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help)
  36. ^ "ՀՀ ՊՆ․ Ժամը 08։00-ից հակառակորդը կրկին նախահարձակ է եղել, Ջերմուկի ուղղությամբ հարվածային ԱԹՍ-ներ կիրառել". PanArmenian. 14 September 2022. Archived from the original on 14 September 2022. Retrieved 14 September 2022.
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