2022 in science

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List of years in science (table)

The following scientific events occurred or are scheduled to occur in 2022.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

March 2022 in science
24 March: Scientists describe and quantify the biophysical mechanisms by which forests influence climate.

April[edit]

5 April: A study suggests that if "quintessence" is an explanation for dark-energy and current data is true as well, the world may start to end within the next 100 My, during which accelerating expansion of the Universe would inverse to contraction (a cyclic model).
6 April: The first known dinosaur fossil linked to the actual day of the Chicxulub impact is reported.
6 April: A study decodes electrical communication between fungi into word-like components.
22 April: A study outlines rationale for space governance of satellites/space debris similar to terrestrial environmental regulations.
26 April: Results of the 'Global Carbon Budget 2021' pass peer-review, showing problematic continuation of GHG emissions trends.[86]

May[edit]

12 May: Sagittarius A*, black hole in the center of the Milky Way, revealed by the Event Horizon Telescope team
12 May: Researchers identify the 425 biggest fossil fuel extraction projects globally, 40% of which haven't yet started extraction, that threaten climate change mitigation of global climate goals.
18 May and 2 May: Two separate studies show how two twin-universe cosmological models could each explain specific open problems of physics or cosmology.
21 May: Graphyne is synthesised for the first time.
21 May: The World Health Organization confirms a monkeypox outbreak in 12 non-endemic countries.
30 May: Frontier is confirmed as the world's first exascale supercomputer.

June[edit]

1 June: A study substantiates a novel theory of ageing – clonal diversity loss of hematopoietic stem cells – which could enable healthy aging.
3 June: The global CO2 level exceeds the milestone of being 50% greater than in the pre-industrial era
24 June: Early 2022 monkeypox outbreak research finds the "presumably slow-evolving" DNA virus has evolved roughly 6–12-fold more mutations than one would expect.
24 June: NASA publishes images showing an unexpected double crater from what is thought to be the first time human space debris – likely by a spent rocket body – unintentionally hit the lunar surface on 4 March.

July[edit]

1 July: A new CRISPR gene editing/repair tool alternative to fully active Cas9 is reported.
12 July: The 'cosmic cliffs' of the Carina Nebula: One of the first images to be released from the now fully operational James Webb Space Telescope.
  • 1 July
  • 4 July – Scientists report that heatwaves in western Europe are increasing "three-to-four times faster compared to the rest of the northern midlatitudes over the past 42 years" and that certain atmospheric dynamical changes can explain their increase.[430][431]
  • 5 July – The Large Hadron Collider commences its Run 3 physics season. The LHCb collaboration observes three never-before-seen particles: a new kind of "pentaquark" and the first-ever pair of "tetraquarks", which includes a new type of tetraquark.[432]
  • 6 July – A study suggests that the marginal effectiveness of a fourth COVID-19 vaccine dose (a second "booster") versus three doses can be 40% (24% to 52%) against severe disease outcomes.[433][434] There is no scientific consensus about the efficacy and overall recommendabilities of a fourth dose.[435] The CDC recommended such in March only for "certain immunocompromised individuals and people over the age of 50".[436][437]
11 & 25 July: Deep learning systems learn intuitive basic physics similar to infants and any physics via potential variables-identification from only visual data (of virtual 3D environments).
25 July: Researchers introduce and demonstrate the concept of necrobotics.
28 July: AI company DeepMind reports that its AlphaFold program has determined the likely structure of nearly every protein known to science.

August[edit]

September[edit]

Predicted and scheduled events[edit]

Astronomical events[edit]

Awards[edit]

Deaths[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Li, Renyuan; Wu, Mengchun; Aleid, Sara; Zhang, Chenlin; Wang, Wenbin; Wang, Peng (16 March 2022). "An integrated solar-driven system produces electricity with fresh water and crops in arid regions". Cell Reports Physical Science. 3 (3): 100781. Bibcode:2022CRPS....300781L. doi:10.1016/j.xcrp.2022.100781. ISSN 2666-3864. S2CID 247211013.
  3. ^ "Global Effects of Mount Pinatubo". earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 15 June 2001. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  4. ^ Ramirez, Rachel; Miller, Brandon. "Tonga volcano eruption likely not large enough to affect global climate, experts say". CNN. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  5. ^ Zuo, Meng; Zhou, Tianjun; Man, Wenmin; Chen, Xiaolong; Liu, Jian; Liu, Fei; Gao, Chaochao (1 March 2022). "Volcanoes and Climate: Sizing up the Impact of the Recent Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai Volcanic Eruption from a Historical Perspective". Advances in Atmospheric Sciences. Bibcode:2022AdAtS.tmp...35Z. doi:10.1007/s00376-022-2034-1. ISSN 1861-9533. S2CID 247160715.
  6. ^ Hawkins, Joshua (15 April 2022). "New liquid system could revolutionize solar energy". BGR. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  7. ^ Wang, Zhihang; Wu, Zhenhua; Hu, Zhiyu; Orrego-Hernández, Jessica; Mu, Erzhen; Zhang, Zhao-Yang; Jevric, Martyn; Liu, Yang; Fu, Xuecheng; Wang, Fengdan; Li, Tao; Moth-Poulsen, Kasper (16 March 2022). "Chip-scale solar thermal electrical power generation". Cell Reports Physical Science. 3 (3): 100789. Bibcode:2022CRPS....300789W. doi:10.1016/j.xcrp.2022.100789. ISSN 2666-3864. S2CID 247329224.
  8. ^ "Sorry, wine lovers. No amount of alcohol is good for you, study says". Washington Post. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
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  16. ^ "Climate crisis: Amazon rainforest tipping point is looming, data shows". The Guardian. 7 March 2022. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  17. ^ Boulton, Chris A.; Lenton, Timothy M.; Boers, Niklas (March 2022). "Pronounced loss of Amazon rainforest resilience since the early 2000s". Nature Climate Change. 12 (3): 271–278. Bibcode:2022NatCC..12..271B. doi:10.1038/s41558-022-01287-8. ISSN 1758-6798. S2CID 247255222.
  18. ^ Spring, Jake (11 March 2022). "Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon hits second straight monthly record". Reuters. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  19. ^ "Scans reveal how Covid may change the brain". BBC News. 7 March 2022. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  20. ^ Douaud, Gwenaëlle; Lee, Soojin; Alfaro-Almagro, Fidel; Arthofer, Christoph; Wang, Chaoyue; McCarthy, Paul; Lange, Frederik; Andersson, Jesper L. R.; Griffanti, Ludovica; Duff, Eugene; Jbabdi, Saad; Taschler, Bernd; Keating, Peter; Winkler, Anderson M.; Collins, Rory; Matthews, Paul M.; Allen, Naomi; Miller, Karla L.; Nichols, Thomas E.; Smith, Stephen M. (7 March 2022). "SARS-CoV-2 is associated with changes in brain structure in UK Biobank". Nature. 604 (7907): 697–707. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-04569-5. ISSN 1476-4687. PMC 9046077. PMID 35255491.
  21. ^ Magazine, Smithsonian; Osborne, Margaret. "Mice Birthed From Unfertilized Eggs for the First Time". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  22. ^ Wei, Yanchang; Yang, Cai-Rong; Zhao, Zhen-Ao (22 March 2022). "Viable offspring derived from single unfertilized mammalian oocytes". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 119 (12): e2115248119. Bibcode:2022PNAS..11915248W. doi:10.1073/pnas.2115248119. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 8944925. PMID 35254875.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: PMC embargo expired (link)
  23. ^ "Lead exposure in last century shrunk IQ scores of half of Americans". Duke University. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  24. ^ McFarland, Michael J.; Hauer, Matt E.; Reuben, Aaron (15 March 2022). "Half of US population exposed to adverse lead levels in early childhood". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 119 (11): e2118631119. Bibcode:2022PNAS..11918631M. doi:10.1073/pnas.2118631119. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 8931364. PMID 35254913.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: PMC embargo expired (link)
  25. ^ "Tiny 'skyscrapers' help bacteria convert sunlight into electricity". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  26. ^ Chen, Xiaolong; Lawrence, Joshua M.; Wey, Laura T.; Schertel, Lukas; Jing, Qingshen; Vignolini, Silvia; Howe, Christopher J.; Kar-Narayan, Sohini; Zhang, Jenny Z. (7 March 2022). "3D-printed hierarchical pillar array electrodes for high-performance semi-artificial photosynthesis". Nature Materials. 21 (7): 811–818. Bibcode:2022NatMa..21..811C. doi:10.1038/s41563-022-01205-5. ISSN 1476-4660. PMID 35256790. S2CID 247255146.
  27. ^ Kumar, Premranjan; Liu, Chun; Hsu, Jean W.; Chacko, Shaji; Minard, Charles; Jahoor, Farook; Sekhar, Rajagopal V. (March 2021). "Glycine and N‐acetylcysteine (GlyNAC) supplementation in older adults improves glutathione deficiency, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation, insulin resistance, endothelial dysfunction, genotoxicity, muscle strength, and cognition: Results of a pilot clinical trial". Clinical and Translational Medicine. 11 (3): e372. doi:10.1002/ctm2.372. ISSN 2001-1326. PMC 8002905. PMID 33783984.
  28. ^ "GlyNAC supplementation extends life span in mice". Baylor College of Medicine. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  29. ^ Kumar, Premranjan; Osahon, Ob W.; Sekhar, Rajagopal V. (January 2022). "GlyNAC (Glycine and N-Acetylcysteine) Supplementation in Mice Increases Length of Life by Correcting Glutathione Deficiency, Oxidative Stress, Mitochondrial Dysfunction, Abnormalities in Mitophagy and Nutrient Sensing, and Genomic Damage". Nutrients. 14 (5): 1114. doi:10.3390/nu14051114. ISSN 2072-6643. PMC 8912885. PMID 35268089.
  30. ^ "New risk algorithm would improve screening for prostate cancer". University College London. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  31. ^ Wald, Nicholas J; Bestwick, Jonathan P; Morris, Joan K (2022). "Multi-marker risk-based screening for prostate cancer". Journal of Medical Screening. 29 (2): 123–133. doi:10.1177/09691413221076415. PMC 9087319. PMID 35255236. S2CID 247293601.
  32. ^ "Distinct gut microbial profile may identify pancreatic cancer, irrespective of stage". British Medical Journal. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  33. ^ Kartal, Ece; Schmidt, Thomas S. B.; Molina-Montes, Esther; Rodríguez-Perales, Sandra; Wirbel, Jakob; Maistrenko, Oleksandr M.; Akanni, Wasiu A.; Alhamwe, Bilal Alashkar; Alves, Renato J.; Carrato, Alfredo; Erasmus, Hans-Peter; Estudillo, Lidia; Finkelmeier, Fabian; Fullam, Anthony; Glazek, Anna M.; Gómez-Rubio, Paulina; Hercog, Rajna; Jung, Ferris; Kandels, Stefanie; Kersting, Stephan; Langheinrich, Melanie; Márquez, Mirari; Molero, Xavier; Orakov, Askarbek; Rossum, Thea Van; Torres-Ruiz, Raul; Telzerow, Anja; Zych, Konrad; Investigators, MAGIC Study; Investigators, PanGenEU Study; Benes, Vladimir; Zeller, Georg; Trebicka, Jonel; Real, Francisco X.; Malats, Nuria; Bork, Peer (26 January 2022). "A faecal microbiota signature with high specificity for pancreatic cancer". Gut. 71 (7): 1359–1372. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2021-324755. ISSN 0017-5749. PMC 9185815. PMID 35260444. S2CID 247317115.
  34. ^ Burger, Ludwig (15 March 2022). "Illumina launches multiple-gene test to spot rare treatable cancers". Reuters. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  35. ^ Xu, Rong; Rai, Alin; Chen, Maoshan; Suwakulsiri, Wittaya; Greening, David W.; Simpson, Richard J. (October 2018). "Extracellular vesicles in cancer — implications for future improvements in cancer care". Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology. 15 (10): 617–638. doi:10.1038/s41571-018-0036-9. ISSN 1759-4782. PMID 29795272. S2CID 43933999.
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  38. ^ Yirka, Bob. "Repurposed drug-seeking AI system generates 40,000 possible chemical weapons in just six hours". techxplore.com. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  39. ^ Urbina, Fabio; Lentzos, Filippa; Invernizzi, Cédric; Ekins, Sean (March 2022). "Dual use of artificial-intelligence-powered drug discovery". Nature Machine Intelligence. 4 (3): 189–191. doi:10.1038/s42256-022-00465-9. ISSN 2522-5839. S2CID 247302391.
  40. ^ "What is the Deltacron variant of Covid and where has it been found?". The Guardian. 11 March 2022. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  41. ^ Lapid, Nancy (9 March 2022). "Variant that combines Delta and Omicron identified; dogs sniff out virus with high accuracy". Reuters. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  42. ^ Colson, Philippe; Fournier, Pierre-Edouard; Delerce, Jeremy; Million, Matthieu; Bedotto, Marielle; Houhamdi, Linda; Yahi, Nouara; Bayette, Jeremy; Levasseur, Anthony; Fantini, Jacques; Raoult, Didier; Scola, Bernard La (16 March 2022). "Culture and identification of a "Deltamicron" SARS-CoV-2 in a three cases cluster in southern France". Journal of Medical Virology. 94 (8): 3739–3749. doi:10.1101/2022.03.03.22271812. PMC 9088576. PMID 35467028. S2CID 247291433. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  43. ^ O'Neill, Luke. "Deltacron: what scientists know so far about this new hybrid coronavirus". The Conversation. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  44. ^ "Endurance: Shackleton's lost ship is found in Antarctic". BBC News. 9 March 2022. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  45. ^ "Recurring UTIs may be prevented with an antiseptic drug". New Scientist. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  46. ^ Harding, Chris; Mossop, Helen; Homer, Tara; Chadwick, Thomas; King, William; Carnell, Sonya; Lecouturier, Jan; Abouhajar, Alaa; Vale, Luke; Watson, Gillian; Forbes, Rebecca; Currer, Stephanie; Pickard, Robert; Eardley, Ian; Pearce, Ian; Thiruchelvam, Nikesh; Guerrero, Karen; Walton, Katherine; Hussain, Zahid; Lazarowicz, Henry; Ali, Ased (9 March 2022). "Alternative to prophylactic antibiotics for the treatment of recurrent urinary tract infections in women: multicentre, open label, randomised, non-inferiority trial". BMJ. 376: e068229. doi:10.1136/bmj-2021-0068229. ISSN 1756-1833. PMC 8905684. PMID 35264408.
  47. ^ Mel, Svein Inge. "People over 60 are greenhouse gas emission 'bad guys'". Norwegian University of Science. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  48. ^ Zheng, Heran; Long, Yin; Wood, Richard; Moran, Daniel; Zhang, Zengkai; Meng, Jing; Feng, Kuishuang; Hertwich, Edgar; Guan, Dabo (March 2022). "Ageing society in developed countries challenges carbon mitigation". Nature Climate Change. 12 (3): 241–248. Bibcode:2022NatCC..12..241Z. doi:10.1038/s41558-022-01302-y. ISSN 1758-6798. S2CID 247322718.
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  51. ^ Ernst, Leonard; Steinfeld, Benedikt; Barayeu, Uladzimir; Klintzsch, Thomas; Kurth, Markus; Grimm, Dirk; Dick, Tobias P.; Rebelein, Johannes G.; Bischofs, Ilka B.; Keppler, Frank (March 2022). "Methane formation driven by reactive oxygen species across all living organisms". Nature. 603 (7901): 482–487. Bibcode:2022Natur.603..482E. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-04511-9. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 35264795. S2CID 247361890.
  52. ^ Ahmed, Issam. "Forget mammoths, study shows how to resurrect Christmas Island rats". phys.org. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  53. ^ Lin, Jianqing; Duchêne, David; Carøe, Christian; Smith, Oliver; Ciucani, Marta Maria; Niemann, Jonas; Richmond, Douglas; Greenwood, Alex D.; MacPhee, Ross; Zhang, Guojie; Gopalakrishnan, Shyam; Gilbert, M. Thomas P. (11 April 2022). "Probing the genomic limits of de-extinction in the Christmas Island rat". Current Biology. 32 (7): 1650–1656.e3. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2022.02.027. ISSN 0960-9822. PMC 9044923. PMID 35271794. S2CID 247323087.
  54. ^ "These Transistor Gates Are Just One Carbon Atom Thick". IEEE Spectrum. 17 March 2022. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  55. ^ Wu, Fan; Tian, He; Shen, Yang; Hou, Zhan; Ren, Jie; Gou, Guangyang; Sun, Yabin; Yang, Yi; Ren, Tian-Ling (March 2022). "Vertical MoS2 transistors with sub-1-nm gate lengths". Nature. 603 (7900): 259–264. Bibcode:2022Natur.603..259W. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-04323-3. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 35264756. S2CID 247361250.
  56. ^ "Relocating farmland could turn back clock twenty years on carbon emissions, say scientists". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
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  58. ^ Adam, David (10 March 2022). "COVID's true death toll: much higher than official records". Nature. 603 (7902): 562. Bibcode:2022Natur.603..562A. doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00708-0. PMID 35277684. S2CID 247407282. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  59. ^ Wang, Haidong; Paulson, Katherine R.; Pease, Spencer A.; et al. (16 April 2022). "Estimating excess mortality due to the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic analysis of COVID-19-related mortality, 2020–21". The Lancet. 399 (10334): 1513–1536. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(21)02796-3. ISSN 0140-6736. PMC 8912932. PMID 35279232.
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  64. ^ Else, Holly (14 March 2022). "Ukrainian researchers pressure journals to boycott Russian authors". Nature. 603 (7902): 559. Bibcode:2022Natur.603..559E. doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00718-y. PMID 35288680. S2CID 247452826. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  65. ^ Roberts, Leslie (15 March 2022). "Surge of HIV, tuberculosis and COVID feared amid war in Ukraine". Nature. 603 (7902): 557–558. Bibcode:2022Natur.603..557R. doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00748-6. PMID 35292767. S2CID 247473379. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  66. ^ "Food crisis due to Ukraine war calls for demand-side action: less animal products, less waste, and greening EU agricultural policy — Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research". Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  67. ^ "Auswirkungen des Ukraine-Kriegs auf Ernährungssicherheit". Science Media Centre Germany. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  68. ^ Bentley, Alison (22 March 2022). "Broken bread — avert global wheat crisis caused by invasion of Ukraine". Nature. 603 (7902): 551. Bibcode:2022Natur.603..551B. doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00789-x. PMID 35318475. S2CID 247616714. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
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  70. ^ "Radioactive waste disposal site near Kyiv hit by airstrike, Ukraine officials say". news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  71. ^ "Russia's war in Ukraine raises nuclear risks, physicists warn". Science News. 7 March 2022. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  72. ^ "expert reaction to Russian attacks at the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant | Science Media Centre". Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  73. ^ "'Elite sleeper' genes could offer protection from neurodegenerative diseases". University of California, San Francisco. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  74. ^ Dong, Qing; Gentry, Nicholas W.; McMahon, Thomas; Yamazaki, Maya; Benitez-Rivera, Lorena; Wang, Tammy; Gan, Li; Ptáček, Louis; Fu, Ying-Hui (15 April 2022). "Familial natural short sleep mutations reduce Alzheimer pathology in mice". iScience. 25 (4): 103964. Bibcode:2022iSci...25j3964D. doi:10.1016/j.isci.2022.103964. ISSN 2589-0042. PMC 9042888. PMID 35496999.
  75. ^ "Long naps may be early sign of Alzheimer's disease, study shows". The Guardian. 17 March 2022. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  76. ^ Li, Peng; Gao, Lei; Yu, Lei; Zheng, Xi; Ulsa, Ma Cherrysse; Yang, Hui‐Wen; Gaba, Arlen; Yaffe, Kristine; Bennett, David A.; Buchman, Aron S.; Hu, Kun; Leng, Yue (17 March 2022). "Daytime napping and Alzheimer's dementia: A potential bidirectional relationship". Alzheimer's & Dementia: alz.12636. doi:10.1002/alz.12636. ISSN 1552-5260. PMID 35297533. S2CID 247498654.
  77. ^ "Tropical methane emissions contribute greatly to recent changes in global atmospheric methane growth rate". Chinese Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
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