AP Chemistry

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Advanced Placement (AP) Chemistry (also known as AP Chem) is a course and examination offered by the College Board as a part of the Advanced Placement Program to give American and Canadian high school students the opportunity to demonstrate their abilities and earn college-level credit. AP Chemistry has the lowest test participation rate, with around half of AP Chemistry students taking the exam.[1][2]

Course[edit]

AP Chemistry is a course geared toward students with interests in chemical biologies, as well as any of the biological sciences. The course aims to prepare students to take the AP Chemistry exam toward the end of the academic year.

AP Chemistry covers most introductory general chemistry topics (excluding organic chemistry), including:

Exam[edit]

The annual AP Chemistry examination, which is typically administered in May, is divided into two major sections (multiple-choice questions and free response essays).

Old test (2013 and earlier)[edit]

The old test was composed of two sections: a multiple-choice section consisting of 75 questions with five answer choices each, and a free-response section consisting of six essay prompts that required the authoring of chemical equations, solution of problems, and development of thoughtful essays in response to hypothetical scenarios.[3]

  • Section I, the multiple-choice portion, did not allow the use of a calculator, nor did it provide any additional reference material, other than a periodic table. Each question contained five answer choices. 90 minutes were allotted for the completion of Section I. Section I covered the breadth of the curriculum.
  • Section II, the free response section, was divided into two sections: Part A, requiring the completion of three problems, and Part B, also containing three problems. Part A, lasting 55 minutes, allowed the use of calculators, while Part B, lasting 40 minutes, did not.[4] The first problem in Part A concerned equilibrium related to solubility, acids and bases, or pressure/concentration. The first question of Part B was a chemical equation question in which 3 scenarios were presented and the student was required to work all 3 scenarios, authoring a balanced net ionic chemical equation for each scenario and answering questions about the equations and scenarios. If time permitted, students may have edited their responses from Part A during the time allotted for responding to Part B, though without the use of a calculator. The student needed to have completed all six questions.

While the use of calculators was prohibited during Section I and Section II Part B, a periodic table, a list of selected standard reduction potentials, and two pages of equations and conventions are available for use during the entirety of Section II.[4]

New test (2014 and later)[edit]

The 2014 AP Chemistry exam was the first administration of a redesigned test as a result of a redesigning of the AP Chemistry course. The exam format is now different from the previous years, with 60 multiple choice questions (now with only four answer choices per question), 3 long free response questions, and 4 short free response questions. The new exam has a focus on longer, more in depth, lab-based questions. The penalty for incorrect answers on the multiple choice section was also removed. More detailed information can be found at the related link.[5]

Topics[edit]

  • Structure and Matter, 20%
  • States of Matter, 20%
  • Reactions, 35–40%
  • Descriptive Chemistry, 10–15%
  • Laboratory, 5–10%

Grade distribution[edit]

The score distributions since 2007 were:[6]

Score 2007[7] 2008[8] 2009[9] 2010[10] 2011[11] 2012[12] 2013[13] 2014[14] 2015[15] 2016[16] 2017[17] 2018[18] 2019[19] 2020[20] 2021[21] 2022[22]
5 15.3% 18.4% 18.0% 17.1% 17.0% 16.4% 18.9% 10.1% 8.4% 9.7% 9.2% 12.6% 11.5% 10.6% 11.0% 11.4%
4 18.0% 17.5% 17.9% 18.5% 18.4% 19.3% 21.5% 16.6% 15.2% 15.1% 15.7% 17.3% 16.6% 18.6% 16.0% 16.5%
3 23.0% 20.0% 20.2% 19.3% 19.5% 20.1% 18.8% 25.7% 28.1% 27.5% 26.1% 25% 27.5% 26.9% 24.0% 24.8%
2 18.5% 14.3% 14.2% 12.7% 14.6% 15.0% 14.9% 25.8% 25.5% 25.3% 27% 24.1% 23.0% 24.0% 25.0% 24.2%
1 25.3% 29.9% 29.8% 32.3% 30.4% 29.2% 26.0% 21.8% 22.8% 22.4% 22% 21% 21.4% 19.9% 24.0% 23.1%
% of Scores 3 or Higher 56.3% 55.9% 56.1% 54.9% 54.9% 55.8% 59.2% 52.4% 51.7% 52.3% 51% 54.9% 55.6% 56.1% 51.0% 52.7%
Mean 2.80 2.81 2.80 2.75 2.77 2.79 2.93 2.67 2.61 2.64 2.63 2.76 2.74 2.76 2.66
Standard Deviation 1.40 1.49 1.48 1.49 1.47 1.46 1.47 1.26 1.23 1.25 1.24 1.30 1.28 1.26 1.30
Number of Students 97,136 100,586 104,789 115,077 122,651 132,425 140,006 148,554 152,745 153,465 158,931 161,852 158,847 145,540 135,978

Prerequisites[edit]

The College Board recommends successful completion of High School Chemistry and precalculus;[23] however, requirement of this may differ from school to school. AP Chemistry usually requires knowledge of precalculus; however, some schools allow students to take Pre-Calc concurrently with this class. The requirement of regular or honors level High School Chemistry may also be waived, but usually requires completion of a special assignment or exam.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Warne, Russell T. (2017). "Research on the academic benefits of the Advanced Placement program: Taking stock and looking forward". SAGE Open. 7 (1): 9. doi:10.1177/2158244016682996.
  2. ^ Sadler, Philip M.; Sonnert, Gerhard; Hazari, Zahra; Tai, Robert (Summer 2014). "The role of Advanced high school coursework in increasing STEM career interest". Science Educator. 23 (1): 6.
  3. ^ "AP® Chemistry 2013 Free-Response Questions" (PDF). 2013.
  4. ^ a b http://apchemresources2014.weebly.com/uploads/9/7/6/4/9764824/format_of_the_2013-14_ap_chemistry_exam.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  5. ^ "Exam Content". The AP Chemistry Exam. The College Board. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
  6. ^ "AP Data | Research and Development". Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
  7. ^ "2007 Score Distributions". Archived from the original on March 13, 2012. Retrieved March 21, 2011.
  8. ^ "2008 Score Distributions" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on March 13, 2012. Retrieved March 21, 2011.
  9. ^ "2009 Score Distributions" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on March 13, 2012. Retrieved March 21, 2011.
  10. ^ "2010 Score Distributions" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on March 13, 2012. Retrieved March 21, 2011.
  11. ^ "2011 Score Distributions" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 27, 2011. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
  12. ^ "2012 Score Distributions" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on May 12, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  13. ^ "2013 Score Distributions" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
  14. ^ "2014 Score Distributions" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on March 19, 2015. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
  15. ^ "2012 AP Exam Score Distributions". www.totalregistration.net.
  16. ^ Total Registration. "2016 AP Exam Score Distributions". www.totalregistration.net. Archived from the original on July 4, 2016. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  17. ^ Total Registration. "2017 AP Exam Score Distributions". www.totalregistration.net. Archived from the original on July 28, 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  18. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 23, 2018. Retrieved October 23, 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "STUDENT SCORE DISTRIBUTIONS" (PDF). Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  20. ^ "STUDENT SCORE DISTRIBUTIONS" (PDF). Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  21. ^ "STUDENT SCORE DISTRIBUTIONS" (PDF). Retrieved July 6, 2022.
  22. ^ Total Registration (June 24, 2022). "2022 AP Exam Score Distributions". www.totalregistration.net. Retrieved June 25, 2022.
  23. ^ "AP Chemistry at collegeboard.com". Archived from the original on April 3, 2013. Retrieved May 5, 2006.

External links[edit]