President of Kazakhstan

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President of the
Republic of Kazakhstan
Қазақстан Республикасының Президенті (Kazakh)
Президент Республики Казахстан (Russian)
Flag of the President of Kazakhstan.svg
Presidential Standard
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (2022-06-17) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev

since 12 June 2019
Presidential Administration of Kazakhstan
StyleMr President
(informal)
His Excellency
(diplomatic)
TypeHead of state
StatusExecutive President
ResidenceAk Orda Presidential Palace
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term lengthFive years,
renewable once
Formation16 December 1991; 30 years ago (1991-12-16)
First holderNursultan Nazarbayev
Salary₸7,876,032.18[1][2]
Website(in Kazakh)
akorda.kz
(in Russian)
akorda.kz/ru
(in English)
akorda.kz/en

The president of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасының Президенті, romanized: Qazaqstan Respublikasynyñ Prezidentı; Russian: Президент Республики Казахстан, romanizedPrezident Respubliki Kazakhstan) is the head of state of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The president is the holder of the highest office within the Republic of Kazakhstan. The powers of this position are described in a special section of the Constitution of Kazakhstan.

The position was established on 16 December 1991, After Independence of the County. The current president is Kassym-Jomart Tokayev. He became acting president on 20 March 2019 due to the resignation of Nursultan Nazarbayev.

Symbols[edit]

The president of Kazakhstan's decorations include a breast mark and a presidential standard. Unlike Presidents of most countries, they also have a military rank insignia.

Presidential standard[edit]

The standard of the president of Kazakhstan is similar to the national flag in that it is rectangular in shape with a ratio of 1:2. In the center of the standard is the Emblem of Kazakhstan. It is bordered on three sides with golden fringe.[3][4]

Presidential standard from 1995 to 2012

The current presidential standard has been in service as recently as 2012. The former standard, which was used from 1995 to 2012, was a light blue rectangle there with a golden circle in which the figure of the young Kazakh leader Sakas riding a snow leopard.

Altyn Qyran Order[edit]

The Order of the Golden Eagle (Kazakh: Алтын Қыран ордені or Altyn Qyran Order) is the highest civilian award that can be awarded by the president of Kazakhstan. Its purpose is to recognize outstanding service to the country by Kazakh and foreign citizens. As head of state, the president is de facto Commander special class of the Order of Altyn Kyran.[5][6]

President in the Constitution[edit]

Item 5 of Article 42 of the Constitution determines that no one can be elected president more than two terms in a row, before 2022 constitutional amendments it also stated that "The present restriction shall not extend on the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan." [7]

Article 46 says that the president's "honor and dignity shall be inviolable" and that their expenses shall be paid by the state. Item 4 of the article outlines the special status and authority of the first president, and refers to a special constitutional act for definitions.[7] According to this act, the first president possesses total, absolute and termless immunity for all actions they perform while in office, and that they remain a government official until their death. They also retains the ability to speak to the people of Kazakhstan, keeps guards, communication, transport, and state support of their activity, and that their official apartment and summer residence became their property with official maintenance. They are also provided with medical care, sanatorium, pensions and insurance.

On April 26, 2015, Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected for his 5th presidential term.[8] The official ceremony of the inauguration took place at the Palace of Independence in Nur-Sultan on April 29.[8] At the inauguration ceremony the re-elected president assured the nation that he would continue the 5 institutional reforms that he had offered earlier, which would contribute to the consistent growth and development of the country.[8]

On January 25, 2017, President Nursultan Nazarbayev laid the groundwork for reforms to the constitution that would redistribute executive powers to the parliament and ministries for the purpose of more open and efficient governance.[9]

Presidential Administration[edit]

An official document of the presidency.

The Presidential Administration of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы Президентінің Әкімшілігі/Russian: Администрация Президента Республики Казахстан) reports directly to the president and aids him/her in their everyday dates. It was established in accordance of Presidential Decree No. 2565 on October 20, 1995. It is currently based at the Ak Orda Presidential Palace in the capital city of Nur-Sultan. Prior to that, it was based in Almaty.[10]

Latest election[edit]

Prior to the 2011 election, President Nazarbayev wrote an op-ed for The Washington Post titled "Kazakhstan’s steady progress toward democracy".[11]

Kazakhstan's fifth presidential election was held on April 26, 2015.[12] Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected with 97.7% of the vote. A total of 858 observers from 19 countries were present at the polling stations during the election.[citation needed] According to Joseph Misfud, member of the election observation mission from Great Britain and head of the Diplomatic Academy of London, "the elections met all the EU standards".[13]

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and other international monitors criticised the election as unfair, with issues noted including the closure of media outlets critical of the government and the jailing of opposition activists.[14] OSCE spokesperson Cornelia Jonker criticised the lack of a "genuine choice" for voters and also argued that there were "significant restrictions to the freedom of expression."[15]

The date of Kazakhstan's sixth presidential election is June 9, 2019. It is the first election since the resignation of the first president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev.[16]

List of presidents of Kazakhstan[edit]

N. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Party Election
Took office Left office
1 Nazarbayev, October 2015.jpg Nursultan Nazarbayev
Нұрсұлтан Назарбаев
(1940–)
16 December 1991 20 March 2019[17]
(resigned from office)
Independent /
Nur Otan
1991
1999
2005
2011
2015
27 years, 125 days
2 Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (2022-06-17) (cropped 2).jpg Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Қасым-Жомарт Тоқаев
(1953–)
20 March 2019[18] Incumbent Nur Otan /
Amanat /
Independent
2019
3 years, 147 days

Rank by time in office[edit]

Rank President Time in office
1 Nursultan Nazarbayev 28 years, 330 days[19]
2 Kassym-Jomart Tokayev 3 years, 178 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Зарплаты президентов – Новости Таджикистана ASIA-Plus". news.tj. Archived from the original on 2019-06-03.
  2. ^ "Сколько зарабатывает Путин и президенты других стран / FinHow.ru". finhow.ru.
  3. ^ "Официальный сайт Президента РК :: КАЗАХСТАН". 5 October 2008. Archived from the original on 5 October 2008.
  4. ^ "Персональная страница". personal.akorda.kz. Archived from the original on 2019-06-01. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  5. ^ "Symbols of power". Akorda. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Awards and orders of the Republic of Kazakhstan". Government of Kazakhstan. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  7. ^ a b Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan Archived 2007-10-20 at the Wayback Machine Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan
  8. ^ a b c "Re-elected President Inaugurated, Announces Five Reform Efforts". astanatimes.com. 30 April 2015.
  9. ^ "Kazakh President Unveils Plans of Constitutional Reforms". The Astana Times.
  10. ^ "Электронное правительство Республики Казахстан -". egov.kz.
  11. ^ Kazakhstan’s steady progress toward democracy Washington Post
  12. ^ "Nearly 10 mn voters to head to polls to elect Kazakh president". latino.foxnews.com. Archived from the original on 2016-01-01.
  13. ^ "Elections in Kazakhstan meet all EU standards – Joseph Mifsud". 2015-04-26. Retrieved 2019-06-01.
  14. ^ "Kazakh strongman says sorry for landslide election victory". telegraph.co.uk. 27 April 2015.
  15. ^ Kazakhstan president Nursultan Nazarbayev wins re-election with 97.7 per cent of vote, ABC Australia, 28 April 2015
  16. ^ "Early presidential election in Kazakhstan set for June 9; President Tokayev pledges fair and transparent vote". The Astana Times. 9 April 2019.
  17. ^ "Kazakh President Nazarbaev Abruptly Announces Resignation". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  18. ^ "Обязанности президента Казахстана будет исполнять спикер Сената Токаев". ТАСС.
  19. ^ Counting from the declaration of independence on 16 December 1991.

External links[edit]