College of St. Scholastica
|Sacred Heart Institute (1892-1912)|
|Motto||Omnes Semitae Eius Pacificae (Latin)|
Motto in English
|"All her paths are peace"|
|Roman Catholic (Benedictine Sisters)|
|ACCU NAICU CIC|
|Endowment||$93.6 million (2020)|
|Budget||$111.2 million (2016)|
|Students||3,906 (fall 2019)|
|Undergraduates||2,481 (fall 2019)|
|Postgraduates||1,425 (fall 2019)|
|Campus||Suburban, 186 acres (75 ha)|
|Colors||Royal blue & gold|
|Mascot||Storm the Saint Bernard|
The College of St. Scholastica (CSS) is a private Benedictine college in Duluth, Minnesota. Founded in 1912 by a group of pioneering Benedictine Sisters, today St. Scholastica educates almost 4,000 students annually and has graduated more than 29,000 alumni. The college offers a liberal arts education and is located on 186 wooded acres overlooking Lake Superior.
The College of St. Scholastica owes its existence to the combining of two forces: Benedictine missionaries and the settlement of Duluth. In 1892, Mother Scholastica Kerst and 28 sisters arrived from St. Joseph, Minnesota, to spearhead the establishment of a Benedictine motherhouse and an academy in Duluth.
The school and convent were located at Munger Terrace before growth required a move to a new facility at Third Avenue East and Third Street. Named Sacred Heart Institute, the high school continued to grow rapidly. Duluth's rapid expansion led to a third move in 1909 to its present location.
Mother Scholastica's vision for the college can be summed up in this quote attributed to her: "My dream is that someday there will rise upon these grounds fine buildings like the great Benedictine abbeys. They will be built of stone: within their walls higher education will flourish."
The school expanded its course offerings in 1912 to include a junior college and changed its name to The College of St. Scholastica. The college started with only six students and 52 courses offered in eight departments in its first year. Academic leadership and research were stressed early as an integral part of the college's commitment to Benedictine values.
In 1924, the college became a four-year liberal arts institute with an enrollment of 68. The school's first baccalaureate degrees were granted in 1926. In 1969 it became a fully coeducational institution.
As a Benedictine institution, the college is affiliated with the Order of Saint Benedict. Its endowment stands at more than $89.9 million.
- Mother Agnes Somers, 1924–1942
- Mother Athanasius Braegeleman, 1942–1954
- Mother Martina Hughes, 1954–1958
- Sister Joselyn Baldeschweiler, 1958–1960
- Sister Ann Edward Scanlon, 1960–1967
- Sister Mary Richard Boo, 1967–1971
- The Rev. F. X. Shea, 1971–1974
- Sister Joan Braun, 1974–1975
- Bruce Stender, 1975–1981
- Daniel Pilon, 1981–1998
- Larry Goodwin, 1998–2016
- Dr. Colette McCarrick Geary, 2016–2019
- Dr. Barbara McDonald, 2019–present
The shield of the college shows a lily, blooming with three flowers symbolizing the three Persons of the Blessed Trinity. The base of the lily is enclosed by a crescent, the heraldic symbol of the Virgin Mary, and the purity of Christian teaching. Symbolizing the college, a book occupies the center of the field, bearing the motto of St. Scholastica. It is adapted from the second part of the Book of Proverbs line "Her ways are ways of beauty, and all her paths are peace," and reads in Latin, "Omnes semitae eius pacificae."
The Duluth campus is home to most undergraduate students. The 186-acre campus is set on a hill overlooking Lake Superior. Campus buildings include: Tower Hall, the Science Center, Our Lady Queen of Peace Chapel, Burns Wellness Commons, the 500-seat Mitchell Auditorium, the College Library, the St. Scholastica Theatre, Somers Residence Hall, and nine apartment complexes. A new Health Science Center housing graduate health science programs opened for classes in 2016. The building is at 940 Woodland Ave. in the BlueStone development, about a mile from the main campus.
The college library provides over 350,000 print and electronic books, full-text journal databases, interlibrary loan services, laptops, wireless Internet access, group study rooms, and quiet study space. It is located on the upper floors of the Romanesque-styled Our Lady Queen of Peace Chapel building. Along with the library, the college archives preserves the written and visual history of the college, as well as housing special collections such as the papers of James Franklin Lewis.
Tower Hall is St. Scholastica's castle-like central building. Its origins date to a picnic in around 1907, when the Diocese of Duluth's Bishop James McGolrick commented that the top of the hill at the college's current site was a perfect location for a building. According to the historic records of Sister Agnes Somers, McGolrick and a group of students and sisters climbed to the top of the hill and placed a pile of stones, symbolizing the cornerstone of what would eventually become Tower Hall. In 1906, architects Anton Werner Lignell and Frederick German were hired to draw the plans for the school, Villa Sancta Scholastica Academy, and the motherhouse. Mother Scholastica Kerst disapproved of the plans due to potential defects in the building's design, and the two architects were fired from the project in 1908; it was taken over by Franklin Ellerbe. The following year saw the groundbreaking and start of construction for Tower Hall. Its first unit was completed in 1909. That September, 75 students from the Institute of the Sacred Heart were relocated to what was then called Villa St. Scholastica. Tower Hall was completed in 1928, and had two towers, a north to south axis of 375 feet, turrets at each end, recessed fenestration, and Tudor towers flanking the façade.
Sharing the campus are St. Scholastica Monastery, home of the Benedictine Sisters; and the Benedictine Health Center and Westwood Assisted Living Facility, which provide experiences for many of the college's health science and behavioral arts and sciences students.
In September 2012, the college's Centennial year, St. Scholastica opened a 40,000 square-foot addition to its existing 125,000 square-foot Science Center. The addition includes seven laboratories for chemistry and biochemistry, six faculty-undergraduate student research areas, two classrooms for pre-laboratory meetings and general class use, faculty offices, an atrium-style gathering area, a greenhouse, and state-of-the-art environmental and sustainable technologies throughout, including for storage of chemicals and treatment of hazardous waste.
The college awards bachelor's, master's degrees, and doctoral degrees, and has a student to faculty ratio of 14:1. Undergraduate majors include liberal arts and science programs as well as pre-professional programs. Graduate degrees are offered in health professions, education, technology, business, and social work.
All first-year students take part in a program called Dignitas (Dignity). The program's goals are that participants will accept and value the challenges and responsibilities involved in being a first-year college student, reflect on issues from various perspectives, and make connections with the larger community. A combination of course material, co-curricular activities, and common experiences is intended to prepare students for learning both during and after college.
St. Scholastica houses students living on campus in nine buildings. They are:
- Cedar Hall Apartments – Opened in 2003. 100 residents. Total square footage 875 sq ft (81.3 m2)/unit.
- Kerst Hall – Opened in 2005. 160 students. Total square footage 875 sq ft (81.3 m2)/unit.
- Pine, Maple, Willow and Birch Apartments – Nearly identical. Built in 1973, 1989, 1989, and 1990 respectively. 43 residents each. Total square footage 716 sq ft (66.5 m2)/unit.
- Scanlon Hall – Opened in 2005. 128 residents. Total square footage 875 sq ft (81.3 m2)/unit.
- Somers Hall – Built in 1964. Primarily first-year housing. Population 314 students. Building also houses the Greenview Dining Room, Somers Main Lounge, Office of Residential Life, Health Services, Campus Operator, and a penthouse lounge/study area. Dorms measure 9'3" x 17'4" (double room) and 6'5" x 17'4" (single-room).
- Somers Suites – Built in 1993. Connected to Somers Hall. Four floors. Suites have a square footage of 525 sq ft (48.8 m2). (2 bedroom) or 775 sq ft (72.0 m2). (three-bedroom).
Student Government Association
The College of St. Scholastica Student Government Association (SGA) is responsible for making decisions and advocating for policy that impacts the student body. The SGA has 40 seats, which include 10 each from the freshman, sophomore, junior and senior classes; as well as representative positions for two graduate students, and two transfer or previously studying-abroad students. SGA officers include the President, Executive Vice President, Financial Vice President, Vice President of Diversity and Inclusion, Chief of Staff, Speaker of the Senate, and Communications Director. The Senate also has three standing committees, which include the Internal Affairs Committee, External Affairs Committee, and Student Affairs Committee. Each standing committee has a chair.
The College of St. Scholastica fields 22 athletic teams, including 11 women's (basketball, cross country, Nordic skiing, soccer, softball, indoor track & field, outdoor track & field, hockey, tennis, golf, and volleyball) and 11 men's teams (basketball, cross country, Nordic skiing, soccer, baseball, indoor track & field, outdoor track & field, hockey, football, golf, and tennis). The college's athletic teams are called the Saints. All of teams, except ice hockey and Nordic skiing, compete in the Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference, which is part of the NCAA's Division III.
- Mary Odile Cahoon – Benedictine nun who was among the first women to do research in Antarctica; founded the college's study abroad program in Ireland
- Scott Jurek – class of 1996, American ultramarathon runner
- Emily Larson – class of 1995, current mayor of Duluth
- Mary Murphy – class of 1961, Minnesota House of Representatives
- Don Ness – class of 2014, former mayor of Duluth
- Michael Paymar – class of 1983, Minnesota House of Representatives
- Ellen Pence – class of 1991, leading domestic abuse prevention advocate
- Kathleen Seefeldt – class of 1956, former Chairman of Prince William County, Virginia Board of Supervisors
- Patrick J. Schiltz – class of 1981, U. S. District Judge, District of Minnesota
- "ACCU Member Institutions" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 14, 2014.
- As of June 30, 2020. U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2020 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY19 to FY20 (Report). National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. February 19, 2021. Retrieved February 20, 2021.
- Kennedy, Patrick. "Minnesota Nonprofit 100". StarTribune News. Minneapolis StarTribune. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Boo, Mary Richard (1991). House of Stone: The Duluth Benedictines. Duluth, MN: St. Scholastica Priory Books. ISBN 0-936773-07-3.
- Boo, Mary Richard (1991). House of Stone: The Duluth Benedictines. Duluth, MN: St. Scholastica Priory Books.
- "History | Centennial | the College of St. Scholastica". Archived from the original on 2015-02-17. Retrieved 2015-02-17.
- "Official brand guidelines for The College of St. Scholastica". www.css.edu.
- White, Todd. "CSSLibraryGuides: Library of The College of St. Scholastica: Home". libguides.css.edu.
- For the Love of Learning: The College of St. Scholastica Story. Duluth, MN: The College of St. Scholastica and X-Presso Books. 2011. ISBN 978-0-9847325-3-1.
- Dierckins, Tony; Norton, Maryanne C. (2017-04-17). "Frederick German". Zenith City Online. Archived from the original on 2021-04-15. Retrieved 2022-06-21.
- Mayerle, Judine (Fall 2017). "Celebrating 125 Years – The Journey Continues" (PDF). Pathways. p. 9. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-11-27. Retrieved 2022-06-21.
- Hollingsworth, Jana (2012-09-10). "What you didn't know about Duluth's 100-year-old college". Duluth News Tribune. Archived from the original on 2022-06-21. Retrieved 2022-06-21.