Velykyi Burluk

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Velykyi Burluk
Великий Бурлук
Urban-type settlement
Coat of arms of Velykyi Burluk
Velykyi Burluk is located in Ukraine
Velykyi Burluk
Velykyi Burluk
Velykyi Burluk is located in Kharkiv Oblast
Velykyi Burluk
Velykyi Burluk
Coordinates: 50°02′59″N 37°23′18″E / 50.04972°N 37.38833°E / 50.04972; 37.38833Coordinates: 50°02′59″N 37°23′18″E / 50.04972°N 37.38833°E / 50.04972; 37.38833
Country Ukraine
OblastKharkiv Oblast
RaionKupiansk Raion
Founded1656
Area
 • Total2.7 km2 (1.0 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total3,656
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
DemonymVelikoburlutsk (Ukrainian: Великобурлуцька)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ZIP Code
62606
Area code+380 5752
Websitevlb-gromada.gov.ua

Velykyi Burluk (Ukrainian: Великий Бурлук, lit.'Great Swamp') is an urban-type settlement in Ukraine, in Kupiansk Raion of Kharkiv Oblast. It hosts the administration of Velykyi Burluk rural hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[1] Population: 3,656 (2021 est.)[2] The settlement was controlled by the Russian military from February 24, 2022 to September 10, 2022.

History[edit]

Founded as the village of Shevelivka in 1656, later it was renamed Velykyi Burluk. It was a village in Volchansk uyezd of the Kharkov Governorate.

A local newspaper has been published here since August 1931.[3]

During World War II, it was under German occupation from June 1942 to February 1943.

It has been an urban-type settlement since 1963. In January 1989 the population was 5,224 people.[4] In January 2013 the population was 4,053 people.[5]

Until 18 July 2020, Velykyi Burluk was the administrative center of Velykyi Burluk Raion. The raion was abolished in July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Kharkiv Oblast to seven. The area of Velykyi Burluk Raion was merged into Kupiansk Raion.[6][7]

In July 2022, during the Russian invasion the pro-Russian leader of the area was reportedly killed by a car bomb by Ukrainian partisans.[8]

On 11 September 2022, the town was liberated by Ukrainian forces.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Velykyi Burluk (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
3.5
(38.3)
13.9
(57.0)
20.9
(69.6)
24.4
(75.9)
26.5
(79.7)
25.9
(78.6)
19.6
(67.3)
11.8
(53.2)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.3
(27.9)
11.8
(53.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.5
(22.1)
−5.6
(21.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
8.5
(47.3)
15.0
(59.0)
18.5
(65.3)
20.5
(68.9)
19.5
(67.1)
13.8
(56.8)
7.2
(45.0)
0.2
(32.4)
−4.4
(24.1)
7.3
(45.1)
Average low °C (°F) −8.2
(17.2)
−8.8
(16.2)
−3.6
(25.5)
3.5
(38.3)
9.1
(48.4)
13.1
(55.6)
15.1
(59.2)
13.6
(56.5)
8.8
(47.8)
3.4
(38.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
−7.1
(19.2)
3.1
(37.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44.1
(1.74)
38.1
(1.50)
34.9
(1.37)
36.6
(1.44)
51.8
(2.04)
70.3
(2.77)
59.1
(2.33)
46.2
(1.82)
48.1
(1.89)
46.8
(1.84)
45.3
(1.78)
44.5
(1.75)
565.8
(22.28)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.9 9.0 8.1 7.0 6.8 9.1 7.7 5.3 6.8 6.8 7.9 9.5 93.9
Average relative humidity (%) 86.6 84.3 79.7 67.4 62.8 69.0 69.7 66.9 72.4 79.6 86.6 87.2 76.0
Source: World Meteorological Organization[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Великобурлукская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  2. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  3. ^ № 3146. Советский патриот // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986—1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., «Книжная палата», 1994. стр.412
  4. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу
  5. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2013 року. Державна служба статистики України. Київ, 2013. стор.98
  6. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  7. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
  8. ^ Reuters (2022-07-11). "Leader of Russian-occupied Ukrainian town killed by car bomb -TASS". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-07-12.
  9. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 18 July 2021.